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Lesson Plan: Phonics Fun with Short Vowels

Most substitute teachers have experienced the anxiety of walking into a classroom to discover that no lesson plans were left you. Fear not! This easy phonics lesson will work great for grades K-3 depending on your students level.

A few materials are required - be sure to plan ahead.

Objective: Students will be able to identify and read words with short vowel sounds.


  • Short vowel flashcards (a, e, i, o, u)

  • Short vowel worksheets

  • Short vowel word lists

Introduction (5 minutes):

  • Introduce the concept of short vowels to the class.

  • Show the flashcards and have students repeat the names of the vowels.

  • Ask students if they can think of any words that have a short vowel sound. Write their responses on the board.

Direct Instruction (10 minutes):

  • Using the flashcards, have students practice identifying the short vowel sounds in words.

  • Call on students to give examples of words that have the short vowel sound being studied.

  • Introduce the worksheets and explain that they will be working on them during the independent practice portion of the lesson.

Guided Practice (15 minutes):

  • Divide the class into small groups and give each group a word list with short vowel words.

  • Have students take turns reading the words aloud and identifying the short vowel sound in each word.

  • Circulate the room to assist students as needed and to check for understanding.

Independent Practice (20 minutes):

  • Have students work independently on the short vowel worksheets.

  • These worksheets should include activities such as identifying short vowels in words, matching short vowel sounds to pictures, and completing short vowel words to make sentences.

  • Monitor students as they work and assist as needed.

Closure (5 minutes):

  • Review the short vowel sounds and have students give examples of words that have a short vowel sound.

  • Collect the worksheets and flashcards.

  • Remind students that they will be practicing short vowel sounds in future lessons.


  • Observe students during independent practice and collect worksheets to assess their understanding of short vowel sounds.

  • Give a short quiz at the end of the week to assess student progress.

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